William JamesSigmund FreudClassics in the History of Psychology

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Christopher D. Green
York University, Toronto, Canada
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Last updated 3 February 2006.

19th- & 20th-Century Psychology

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Ancient Thought

Plato. (ca. 360 BC). Timaeus (B. Jowett, Trans.)

Aristotle. (ca. 350 BC). De anima (J. A. Smith, Trans.)

Aristotle. (ca. 350 BC). On memory and reminiscence (J. I. Beare, Trans.)

For additional works by the Presocratics, Plato, Aristotle, Hippocrates, Euclid, Lucretius, Epictetus, Galen, Plotinus, and Augustine, see the Links to Documents at Other Sites page.

Medieval & Renaissance Thought

For works by Aquinas, Roger Bacon, Pico, and Machiavelli see the Links to Documents at Other Sites page.

Modern Philosophical Thought

Berkeley, George. (1732). An essay towards a new theory of vision (4th ed.). (First edition published 1709).

Bowen, Francis. (1860). Remarks on the latest form of the development theory. Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, n.s., VIII, pp. 98-107, communicated March 27, April 10 and May 1, 1860. Reprinted in G. Daniels (Ed.) (1968). Darwinism comes to America. Waltham, MA: Blaisdell, pp. 66-74.

McCosh, James. (1874). Religious aspects of the doctrine of development. In P. Schaff & S. Prime (Eds.). History, essays, orations, and other documents of the sixth general conference of the Evangelical Alliance, held in New York, October 2-12, 1873, New York, pp. 269-271. Reprinted in G. Daniels (Ed.) (1968). Darwinism comes to America. Waltham, MA: Blaisdell, pp. 96-101.

Herbart, J. F. (1877). Possibility and necessity of applying mathematics in psychology (H. Haanel, Trans.). Journal of Speculative Philosophy, 11, 251-264.

Fiske, John. (1902). Herbert Spencer's service to religion. Essays Historical and Literary, New York, II, pp. 232-237. Reprinted in G. Daniels (Ed.) (1968). Darwinism comes to America. Waltham, MA: Blaisdell, pp. 106-110.

Royce, Josiah. (1902). Recent logical inquiries and their psychological bearings. Psychological Review, 9, 105-133. [Royce's APA Presidential Address about the potential impact of then-recent developments in the philosophy of mathematics for the psychology of thinking.]

Stumpf, Carl. (1930). Autobiography of Carl Stumpf. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 1, pp. 389-441). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press. [The great German psychologist's summary of his life's work.]

Titchener, E. B. (1921). Brentano and Wundt: Empirical and experimental psychology. American Journal of Psychology, 32, 108-120.

Creighton, J. E. (1902). The purposes of a philosophical association. Philosophical Review, 11, 219-237.

For additional works by Descartes, Hobbes, Pascal, Locke, Leibniz, Spinoza, Berkeley, Voltaire, Hume, Smith, Malthus, Kant, Hegel, Marx, Mill, Brentano, Mach, Peirce, James, Dewey, Husserl, Russell, Mead, and Merleau-Ponty see the Links to Documents at Other Sites page.

American Psychological Association

American Psychological Association. (1894). Proceedings of the Preliminay Meeting (1892), the First Annual Meeting (1892), and the Second Annual Meeting (1893).

Münsterberg, Hugo. (1899). Psychology and history. Psychological Review, 6, 1-31. [1898 APA Presidential Address.]

Royce, Josiah. (1902). Recent logical inquiries and their psychological bearings. Psychological Review, 9, 105-133. [1902 APA Presidential Address.]

Calkins, Mary Whiton. (1906). A reconciliation between structural and functional psychology. Psychological Review, 8, 61-81. [1905 APA Presidential Address.]

Angell, James Rowland. (1907). The province of functional psychology. Psychological Review, 14, 61-91. [1906 APA Presidential Address.]

Washburn, Margaret Floy. (1922). Introspection as an objective method. Psychological Review, 29, 89-112. [1921 APA Presidential Address.]

Boring, Edwin G. (1929). The psychology of controversy. Psychological Review, 36, 97-121. [1928 APA Presidential Address.]

Lashley, Karl S. (1930). Basic neural mechanisms in behavior. Psychological Review, 37, 1-24. [1929 APA Presidential Address.]

Fernberger, Samuel W. (1932). The American Psychological Association: A historical summary, 1892-1930. Psychological Bulletin, 29, 1-89.

Thurstone, L. L. (1934). The vectors of mind. Psychological Review, 41, 1-32. [1933 APA Presidential Address.]

Allport, Gordon W. (1940). The psychologist's frame of reference. Psychological Bulletin, 37, 1-28. [1939 APA Presidential Address.]

Cattell, James McKeen. (1943). The founding of the Association and of the Hopkins and Clark Laboratories. Psychological Review, 50, 61-64.

Fernberger, Samuel W. (1943). The American Psychological Association 1892-1942. Psychological Review, 50, 33-60.

Guthrie, Edwin R. (1946). Psychological facts and psychological theory. Psychological Bulletin, 43, 1-20. [1945 APA Presidential address.]

American Psychological Association. (1947). Recommended graduate training program in clinical psychology. American Psychologist, 2, 539-558. [The report that proposed the so-called "Boulder Model".]

Rogers, Carl R.. (1947). Some observations on the organization of personality. American Psychologist, 2, 358-368. [1947 APA Presidential Adrress.]

Cronbach, Lee J. (1957). The two disciplines of scientific psychology. American Psychologist, 12, 671-684. [1957 APA Presidential Address.]

Harlow, Harry F. (1958). The nature of love. American Psychologist, 13, 573-685. [1958 APA Presidential Address.]

Köhler, Wolfgang. (1959). Gestalt psychology today. American Psychologist, 14, 727-734. [1959 APA Presidential Address.]

Behaviorism

Watson, John B. (1907). Studying the mind of animals. The World Today, 12, 421-426. [A rare, early, popular statement of functionalism by the "founder" of behaviourism.]

Yerkes, Robert M. & Dodson, John D. (1908). The relation of strength of stimulus to rapidity of habit-formation. Journal of Comparative Neurology and Psychology, 18, 459-482.

Yerkes, Robert M. & Morgulis, Sergius. (1909). The method of Pawlow in animal psychology. Psychological Bulletin, 6, 257-273.

Thorndike, Edward L. (1911). Animal intelligence.

Dunlap, Knight. (1912). The case against introspection. Psychological Review, 19, 404-413.

Watson, John B. (1913). Psychology as the behaviorist views it. Psychological Review, 20, 158-177

Titchener, Edward B. (1914). On "Psychology as the behaviorist views it". Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 53, 1-17.

Watson, John B. (1916). Behavior and the concept of mental disease. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology, and Scientific Methods, 13, 589-597.

Watson, John B. (1920). Is thinking merely the action of language mechanisms? British Journal of Psychology, 11, 87-104.

Watson, John B. & Rayner, Rosalie. (1920). Conditioned emotional reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 3, 1-14.

Washburn, Margaret Floy. (1922). Introspection as an objective method. Psychological Review, 29, 89-112.

Tolman, Edward C. (1922). A new formula for behaviorism. Psychological Review, 29, 44-53.

Lashley, Karl S. (1923). The behavioristic interpretation of consciousness. Psychological Bulletin, 30, 237-272, 329-353.

Jones, Mary Cover. (1924). A laboratory study of fear: The case of Peter. Pedagogical Seminary, 31, 308-315.

Pavlov, Ivan P. (1927). Conditioned reflexes: An investigation of the physiological activity of the cerebral cortex (G. V. Anrep, Trans.). (Original work published 1927)

Watson, John B. & MacDougall,[1] William. (1929). The battle of behaviorism: An exposition and an exposure.

Lashley, Karl S. (1930). Basic neural mechanisms in behavior. Psychological Review, 37, 1-24.

Morgan, C. Lloyd. (1930). Autobiography of C. Lloyd Morgan. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 2, pp. 237-264). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

Yerkes, Robert M. (1930). Autobiography of Robert M. Yerkes. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 2, pp. 381-407). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

Hull, Clark L. (1934a). The concept of the habit-family hierarchy and maze learning: Part I. Psychological Review, 41, 33-54.

Hull, Clark L. (1934b). The concept of the habit-family hierarchy and maze learning: Part II. Psychological Review, 41, 134-152.

Hull, Clark L. (1935). The conflicting psychologies of learning -- A way out. Psychological Review, 42, 491-516.

Jastrow, Joseph. (1935). Has psychology failed? American Scholar, 4, 261-269.

Skinner, B. F. (1935). Two types of conditioned reflex and a pseudo type. Journal of General Psychology, 12, 66-77.

Konorski, J. & Miller, S. (1937). On two types of conditioned reflex. Journal of General Psychology, 16, 264-272.

Skinner, B. F. (1937). Two types of conditioned reflex: A reply to Konorski and Miller. Journal of General Psychology, 16, 272-279.

Guthrie, Edwin R. (1946). Psychological facts and psychological theory. Psychological Bulletin, 43, 1-20.

Skinner, B. F. (1948). 'Superstition' in the pigeon. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 38, 168-172.

Tolman, Edward, C. (1948). Cognitive maps in rats and men. Psychological Review, 55(4), 189-208.

Skinner, B. F. (1950). Are theories of learning necessary? Psychological Review, 57, 193-216.

Hebb, D. O. (1955). Drives and the C.N.S. (conceptual nervous system). Psychological Review, 62, 243-254.

Harlow, Harry F. (1958). The nature of love. American Psychologist, 13, 573-685.

Breland, Keller & Breland, Marian. (1961). The misbehavior of organisms. American Psychologist, 16, 681-684.

Cognition

Menabrea, Luigi F. (1842/1843). Sketch of the analytical engine invented by Charles Babbage, Esq. (A.A. Lovelace, Trans.). Scientific Memoirs, 3, 666-731. (Original work published 1842 in Bibliothèque Universelle de Genève, No. 82)

Lovelace, Ada. (1843). Notes by the translator [to L.F. Menabrea's "Sketch of the analytical engine invented by Charles Babbage, Esq."]. Scientific Memoirs, 3, 666-731.

Galton, Francis. (1880). Statistics of mental imagery. Mind, 5, 301-318.

Ebbinghaus, Hermann. (1885/1913). Memory: A contribution to experimental psychology (Henry A. Ruger & Clara E. Bussenius, Trans.). (Originally published 1885)

  • Introduction to Ebbinghaus (1885/1913) by Robert H. Wozniak.

Jastrow, Joseph.. (1891). A study in mental statistics. New Review, 5, 559-568.

Calkins, Mary Whiton. (1896). Association: An essay analytic and experimental. Psychological Review Monographs Supplement, 1 (2).

Royce, Josiah. (1902). Recent logical inquiries and their psychological bearings. Psychological Review, 9, 105-133. [Royce's APA Presidential Address about the potential impact of recent development in the philosophy of mathematics for the psychology of thinking.]

Münsterberg, Hugo. (1908/1925). On the witness stand.

Münsterberg, Hugo. (1913). Psychology and industrial efficiency.

Stroop, J. Ridley. (1935). Studies of interference in serial verbal reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 18, 643-662.

Thouless, Robert H. (1935). The tendency to certainty in religious belief. British Journal of Psychology, 26, 16-31. [This .pdf version thanks to Burke Brown, U. Toronto.]

Heider, Fritz. (1946). Attitudes and cognitive organization. Journal of Psychology, 21, 107-112.

Bruner, Jerome S. & Goodman, Cecile C. (1947). Value and need as organizing factors in perception. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 42, 33-44.

Bruner, Jerome S. & Postman, Leo. (1949). On the perception of incongruity: A paradigm. Journal of Personality, 18, 206-223.

Hebb, D. O. (1955). Drives and the C.N.S. (conceptual nervous system). Psychological Review, 62, 243-254.

Miller, George A. (1956). The magical number seven, plus or minus two: Some limits on our capacity for processing information. Psychological Review, 63, 81-97.

Developmental Theory

Darwin, Charles. (1877). A biographical sketch of an infant. Mind, 2, 285-294.

Hall, G. Stanley. (1904). Adolescent girls and their education. From Adolescence: Its psychology and its relations to physiology, anthropology, sociology, sex, crime, religion, and education (Vol. 2, Chapter 17).

Binet, Alfred. (1905/1916). New methods for the diagnosis of the intellectual level of subnormals. In E. S. Kite (Trans.), The development of intelligence in children. Vineland, NJ: Publications of the Training School at Vineland. (Originally published 1905 in L'Année Psychologique, 12, 191-244.)

  • Introduction to Binet (1905/1916) by Henry L. Minton.
  • Commentary on Binet (1905/1916) and Terman (1916) by Henry L. Minton

Witmer, Lightner. (1907). Clinical psychology. Psychological Clinic, 1, 1-9.

Thorndike, Edward L. (1910). The contribution of psychology to education. Journal of Educational Psychology, 1, 5-12.

Terman, Lewis M. (1916). The uses of intelligence tests. From The measurement of intelligence (chapter 1). Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

  • Introduction to Terman (1916) by Henry L. Minton.
  • Commentary on Binet (1905/1916) and Terman (1916) by Henry L. Minton.

Watson, John B. & Rayner, Rosalie. (1920). Conditioned emotional reactions. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 3, 1-14.

Baldwin, James Mark. (1930). Autobiography of James Mark Baldwin. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 1, pp. 1-30). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

Clark, Kenneth B. & Clark, Mamie K. (1939). The development of consciousness of self and the emergence of racial identification in negro preschool children. Journal of Social Psychology, S.P.S.S.I. Bulletin, 10, 591-599.

Clark, Kenneth B. & Clark, Mamie K. (1940). Skin color as a factor in racial identification of negro preschool children. Journal of Social Psychology, S.P.S.S.I. Bulletin, 11, 159-169.

Bruner, Jerome S. & Goodman, Cecile C. (1947). Value and need as organizing factors in perception. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 42, 33-44.

Sherif, Muzafer, Harvey, O. J., White, B. Jack, Hood, William R., & Sherif, Carolyn W. (1954/1961). Intergroup conflict and cooperation: The Robbers Cave experiment.

Harlow, Harry F. (1958). The nature of love. American Psychologist, 13, 573-685.

Bandura, Albert, Ross, Dorothea, & Ross, Sheila A. (1961). Transmisssion of aggressions through imitation of aggressive models. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 63, 575-582.

Evolutionary Theory

Gray, Asa. (1860). [Review of] The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection. American Journal of Science and Arts (March). Reprinted in 1876 in Darwiniana: Essays and Reviews Pertaining to Darwinism. [A review by Harvard's professor of Natural history, and Darwin's greatest defender in North America.]

Bowen, Francis. (1860). Remarks on the latest form of the development theory. Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, n.s., VIII, pp. 98-107, communicated March 27, April 10 and May 1, 1860. Reprinted in G. Daniels (Ed.) (1968). Darwinism comes to America. Waltham, MA: Blaisdell, pp. 66-74.

Galton, Francis. (1865). Hereditary talent and character. Macmillan's Magazine, 12, 157-166, 318-327.

  • Introduction to Galton's Hereditary genius (1869) by Robert H. Wozniak.

Wright, Chauncey. (1870). Limits of natural selection. North American Review (October).

Darwin, Charles. (1871). The descent of man. Part One: Descent or Origin of Man (ch. 1-7).

Wright, Chauncey. (1873). Evolution of self-consciousness. North American Review (April).

  • Madden, E. H.(1963). The metaphysics of self-consciousness. Chapter 7 of Chauncey Wright and the foundations of pragmatism (pp. 128-142). Reprinted by permission of University of Washington Press.

McCosh, James. (1874). Religious aspects of the doctrine of development. In P. Schaff & S. Prime (Eds.). History, essays, orations, and other documents of the sixth general conference of the Evangelical Alliance, held in New York, October 2-12, 1873, New York, pp. 269-271. Reprinted in G. Daniels (Ed.) (1968). Darwinism comes to America. Waltham, MA: Blaisdell, pp. 96-101.

Galton, Francis. (1875). History of twins. Human faculty and its development (pp. 155-173).

Darwin, Charles. (1877). A biographical sketch of an infant. Mind, 2, 285-294.

James, William. (1879). Are we automata? Mind, 4, 1-22.

Morgan, C. Lloyd (1896). On modification and variation. Science, NS 4, No. 99, 733-740.

Fiske, John. (1902). Herbert Spencer's service to religion. Essays Historical and Literary, New York, II, pp. 232-237. Reprinted in G. Daniels (Ed.) (1968). Darwinism comes to America. Waltham, MA: Blaisdell, pp. 106-110.

Watson, John B. (1907). Studying the mind of animals. The World Today, 12, 421-426. [A rare, early, popular statement of functionalism by the "founder" of behaviourism.]

Morgan, C. Lloyd. (1930). Autobiography of C. Lloyd Morgan. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 2, pp. 237-264). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

Jastrow, Joseph. (1935). Has psychology failed? American Scholar, 4, 261-269.

Experimental Psychology

Dewey, John. (1884). The new psychology. Andover Review, 2, 278-289.

Peirce, Charles Sanders & Jastrow, Joseph (1884). Small differences in sensation. Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences, 3, 73-83. [Peirce's probabilistic critique of Fechner's concept of the discrimination threshold. Possibly the first published American experimental psychological study.]

Hall, G. Stanley. (1885). The new psychology. Andover Review, 3, 120-135, 239-248.

Cattell, James McKeen. (1888). The psychological laboratory at Leipsic. Mind, 13, 37-51.

Sanford, Edmund C. (1891-1893). A laboratory course in physiological psychology. American Journal of Psychology, 4, 141-155, 303-322, 474-490; 5, 390-415, 593-616.

Baldwin, James Mark (1892). The psychological laboratory in the University of Toronto. Science, 19 (no. 475), 143-144.

Calkins, Mary Whiton. (1892). Experimental Psychology at Wellesley College. American Journal of Psychology, 5, 464-271.

Hume, James Gibson. (1892). Physiological psychology. Minutes of the Twenty-First Annual Convention of the Ontario Teachers' Association, pp. 86-106.

Cattell, James McKeen. (1893/1947). Attention and reaction (R. S. Woodworth, Trans.). In James McKeen Cattell, Man of science (Vol. 1: Psychological Research, pp. 252-255, R. S. Woodworth, Trans.). Lancaster, PA: The Science Press, 1947. (Originally published as "Aufmerksamkeit und Reaction" in Philosophische Studien, 8. 403-406.[Calls into question L. Lange's sensorial/muscular reaction findings, setting up the foundations of functionalism -- see 1895-96 Titchener and Baldwin papers.]

Jastrow, Joseph. (1893). The section of psychology. in M.P. Hardy (Ed.), Official Catalogue -- World's Columbian Exposition (Part. vii, pp. 50-60).

Münsterberg, Hugo. (1893a). The new psychology and Harvard's equipment for teaching it. Harvard Graduate Magazine, 1 (2), 201-209.

Münsterberg, Hugo. (1893b). Psychological laboratory of Harvard University.

Hill, A. B. & Watanabe, R. (1894). "Sensorial" and "muscular" reactions. American Journal of Psychology, 6, 242-246. [Supervised by E. B. Titchener, in support of L. Lange's findings.]

Krohn, William O. (1894). Facilities in experimental psychology in the colleges of the United States. In Report of the Commissioner of Education for the year 1890-'91 (Vol. 2, pp. 1139-1151).

Baldwin, James Mark. (1895). Types of reaction. Psychological Review, 2, 259-273.

Titchener, Edward B. (1895a). Simple reactions. Mind, 4, 74-81.

Titchener, Edward B. (1895b). The type-theory of simple reaction. Mind, 4, 506-514.

Baldwin, James Mark. (1896). The 'type-theory' of reaction. Mind, 5, 81-90.

Titchener, Edward B. (1896). The 'type-theory' of simple reaction. Mind, 5, 236-241.

Cattell, James McKeen. (1898). The psychological laboratory. Psychoogical Review, 5, 655-658.

Titchener, Edward B. (1898b). A psychological laboratory. Mind, 7, 311-331.

Abbott, Albert H. (1900). Experimental psychology and the laboratory in Toronto. University of Toronto Monthly, 1, 85-98, 106-112.

Cattell, James McKeen. (1928). Early psychological laboratories. Science, 67, 543- 548.

Cattell, James McKeen. (1943). The founding of the Association and of the Hopkins and Clark Laboratories. Psychological Review, 50, 61-64.

Harlow, Harry F. (1962). Fundamental principles for preparing psychology journal articles.. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55, 893-896.

Functionalism & Pragmatism

Bowen, Francis. (1860). Remarks on the latest form of the development theory. Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, n.s., VIII, pp. 98-107, communicated March 27, April 10 and May 1, 1860. Reprinted in G. Daniels (Ed.) (1968). Darwinism comes to America. Waltham, MA: Blaisdell, pp. 66-74.

Wright, Chauncey. (1870). Limits of natural selection. North American Review (October).

Wright, Chauncey. (1873). Evolution of self-consciousness. North American Review (April).

  • Madden, E. H.(1963). The metaphysics of self-consciousness. Chapter 7 of Chauncey Wright and the foundations of pragmatism (pp. 128-142). Reprinted by permission of University of Washington Press.

McCosh, James. (1874). Religious aspects of the doctrine of development. In P. Schaff & S. Prime (Eds.). History, essays, orations, and other documents of the sixth general conference of the Evangelical Alliance, held in New York, October 2-12, 1873, New York, pp. 269-271. Reprinted in G. Daniels (Ed.) (1968). Darwinism comes to America. Waltham, MA: Blaisdell, pp. 96-101.

James, William. (1879). Are we automata? Mind, 4, 1-22.

Dewey, John. (1884). The new psychology. Andover Review, 2, 278-289.

James, William. (1884). What is an emotion? Mind, 9, 188-205.

Peirce, Charles Sanders & Jastrow, Joseph (1884). Small differences in sensation. Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences, 3, 73-83. [Peirce's probabilistic critique of Fechner's concept of the discrimination threshold. Possibly the first published American experimental psychological study.]

Lange, Carl Georg. (1885). The mechanism of the emotions. Trans. by Benjamin Rand, first appeared in Rand, Benjamin (Ed.)(1912). The classical psychologists (pp. 672-684).

Hall, G. Stanley. (1885). The new psychology. Andover Review, 3, 120-135, 239-248.

James, William. (1887). Consciousness of lost limbs. Proceedings of the American Society for Psychical Research, 1, 249-258.

James, William. (1890). The principles of psychology.

James, William. (1892). The stream of consciousness. From Psychology (chapter XI). Cleveland & New York, World.

Cattell, James McKeen. (1893/1947). Attention and reaction (R. S. Woodworth, Trans.). In James McKeen Cattell, Man of science (Vol. 1: Psychological Research, pp. 252-255, R. S. Woodworth, Trans.). Lancaster, PA: The Science Press, 1947. (Originally published as "Aufmerksamkeit und Reaction" in Philosophische Studien, 8. 403-406.[Calls into question L. Lange's sensorial/muscular reaction findings, setting up the foundations of functionalism -- see 1895-96 Titchener and Baldwin papers.]

Dewey, John. (1894). The ego as cause. Philosophical Review, 3, 337-341.

Hill, A. B. & Watanabe, R. (1894). "Sensorial" and "muscular" reactions. American Journal of Psychology, 6, 242-246. [Supervised by E. B. Titchener, in support of L. Lange's findings.]

Baldwin, James Mark. (1895). Types of reaction. Psychological Review, 2, 259-273

Baldwin, James Mark. (1896). The 'type-theory' of reaction. Mind, 5, 81-90.

Dewey, John. (1896) The reflex arc concept in psychology. Psychological Review, 3, 357-370.

Morgan, C. Lloyd (1896). On modification and variation. Science, NS 4, No. 99, 733-740.

Caldwell, W. (1898). Professor Titchener's view of the self. Psychological Review, 5, 401-408.

Titchener, Edward B. (1898a). The postulates of a structural psychology. Philosophical Review, 7, 449-465.

Caldwell, W. (1899). The postulates of a structural psychology. Psychological Review, 6, 187-191.

Titchener, Edward B. (1899). Structural and functional psychology. Philosophical Review, 8, 290-299.

Baldwin, James Mark. (1901). Dictionary of philosophy and psychology. [under construction, A-O]

Thorndike, Edward L. & Woodworth, Robert S. (1901a). The influence of improvement in one mental function upon the efficiency of other functions (I). Psychological Review, 8, 247-261.

Thorndike, Edward L. & Woodworth, Robert S. (1901b). The influence of improvement in one mental function upon the efficiency of other functions: II. The estimation of magnitudes. Psychological Review, 8, 384-395.

Thorndike, Edward L. & Woodworth, Robert S. (1901c). The influence of improvement in one mental function upon the efficiency of other functions: III. Functions involving attention, observation, and discrimination. Psychological Review, 8, 553-564.

Fiske, John. (1902). Herbert Spencer's service to religion. Essays Historical and Literary, New York, II, pp. 232-237. Reprinted in G. Daniels (Ed.) (1968). Darwinism comes to America. Waltham, MA: Blaisdell, pp. 106-110.

James, William. (1904a). Does consciousness exist? Journal of Philosophy, Psychology, and Scientific Methods, 1, 477-491.

  • Introduction to James (1904a, 1904b) by Eugene Taylor & Robert H. Wozniak.

James, William. (1904b). A world of pure experience. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology, and Scientific Methods, 1, 533-543, 561-570.

  • Introduction to James (1904a, 1904b) by Eugene Taylor & Robert H. Wozniak.

James, William (1904c). The Chicago school. Psychological Bulletin, 1, 1-5.

Calkins, Mary Whiton. (1906). A reconciliation between structural and functional psychology. Psychological Review, 8, 61-81.

Angell, James Rowland. (1907). The province of functional psychology. Psychological Review, 14, 61-91.

Watson, John B. (1907). Studying the mind of animals. The World Today, 12, 421-426. [A rare, early, popular statement of functionalism by the "founder" of behaviourism.]

Thorndike, Edward L. (1910). The contribution of psychology to education. Journal of Educational Psychology, 1, 5-12.

James, William. (1907). The energies of men. Science, N.S. 25 (No. 635), 321-332.

Thorndike, Edward L. (1911). Animal intelligence.

Mead, George H. (1913). The social self. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology, and Scientific Methods, 10, 374- 380.

Gestalt Theory

Koffka, Kurt (1922). Perception: An introduction to the Gestalt-theorie. Psychological Bulletin, 19, 531-585.

Stumpf, Carl. (1930). Autobiography of Carl Stumpf. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 1, pp. 389-441). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press. [The great German psychologist's summary of his life's work.]

Wertheimer, Max. (1938). Laws of organization in perceptual forms. In W. Ellis, W (Ed. & Trans.), A source book of Gestalt psychology (pp. 71-88). London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. (Original work published in 1923 as Untersuchungen zur Lehre von der Gestalt II, in Psychologische Forschung, 4, 301-350.)

Köhler, Wolfgang. (1959). Gestalt psychology today. American Psychologist, 14, 727-734.

History of Psychology

Hall, G. Stanley. (1879). Philosophy in the United States. Mind, 4, 89-105.

Dewey, John. (1884). The new psychology. Andover Review, 2, 278-289.

Hall, G. Stanley. (1885). The new psychology. Andover Review, 3, 120-135, 239-248.

Cattell, James McKeen. (1888). The psychological laboratory at Leipsic. Mind, 13, 37-51.

Münsterberg, Hugo. (1899). Psychology and history. Psychological Review, 6, 1-31.

Buchner, Edward Franklin. (1903). A quarter century of psychology in America: 1878-1903. American Journal of Psychology, 14, 666-680.

Baldwin, James Mark. (1913). History of psychology: A sketch and an interpretation.

Griffith, Coleman R. (1921). Some neglected aspects of a history of psychology. Psychological Monographs, 30, 17-29.

Titchener, E. B. (1921). Brentano and Wundt: Empirical and experimental psychology. American Journal of Psychology, 32, 108-120.

Griffith, Coleman R. (1922). Contributions to the history of psychology -- 1916-1921. Psychological Bulletin, 19, 411-428.

Boring, Edwin G. (1929). The psychology of controversy. Psychological Review, 36, 97-121.

Garvey, C. R. (1929). List of American psychology laboratories. Psychological Bulletin, 26, 652-660.

Baldwin, James Mark. (1930). Autobiography of James Mark Baldwin. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 1, pp. 1-30). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

Calkins, Mary Whiton. (1930). Autobiography of Mary Whiton Calkins. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 1, pp. 31-62). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

Janet, Pierre. (1930). Autobiography of Pierre Janet. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 1, pp. 123-133). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press. [The great French psychiatrist's own summary of his life's work.]

Morgan, C. Lloyd. (1930). Autobiography of C. Lloyd Morgan. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 2, pp. 237-264). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

Terman, Lewis M. (1930). Autobiography of Lewis M. Terman. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 2, pp. 297-331). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

Washburn, Margaret Floy. (1930). Autobiography of Margaret Floy Washburn. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 2, pp. 333-358). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

Woodworth, Robert S.. (1930). Autobiography of Robert S. Woodworth. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 2, pp. 359-380). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

Yerkes, Robert M. (1930). Autobiography of Robert M. Yerkes. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 2, pp. 381-407). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

Fernberger, Samuel W. (1932). The American Psychological Association: A historical summary, 1892-1930. Psychological Bulletin, 29, 1-89.

Jastrow, Joseph. (1935). Has psychology failed? American Scholar, 4, 261-269.

Krstic, Kruno. (1964). Marko Marulic -- The author of the term "psychology". Acta Instituti Psychologici Universitatis Zagrabiensis, no. 36, pp. 7-13. [Rare study of the origin of the term "psychology".]

Intelligence Testing

Galton, Francis. (1865). Hereditary talent and character. Macmillan's Magazine, 12, 157-166, 318-327.

  • Introduction to Galton's Hereditary genius (1869) by Robert H. Wozniak.

Galton, Francis. (1875). History of twins. Human faculty and its development (pp. 155-173).

Cattell, James McKeen. (1886a). The time taken up by cerebral operations, Parts 1 & 2. Mind, 11, 220-242.

Cattell, James McKeen. (1886b). The time taken up by cerebral operations, Part 3. Mind, 11, 377-392.

Cattell, James McKeen. (1887). The time taken up by cerebral operations, Part 4. Mind, 11, 524-538.

Cattell, James McKeen. (1890). Mental tests and measurements. Mind, 15, 373-381.

Baldwin, James Mark, Cattell, James McKeen, & Jastrow, Joseph. (1898). Physical and mental tests. Psychological Review, 5, 172-179.

Spearman, Charles. (1904). "General intelligence," objectively determined and measured. American Journal of Psychology, 15, 201-293.

Binet, Alfred. (1905/1916). New methods for the diagnosis of the intellectual level of subnormals. In E. S. Kite (Trans.), The development of intelligence in children. Vineland, NJ: Publications of the Training School at Vineland. (Originally published 1905 in L'Année Psychologique, 12, 191-244.)

  • Introduction to Binet (1905/1916) by Henry L. Minton.
  • Commentary on Binet (1905/1916) and Terman (1916) by Henry L. Minton

Goddard, Henry Herbert. (1913). The Kallikak family: A study in the heredity of feeble-mindedness.

Hollingworth, Leta S. (1914). Variability as related to sex differences in achievement: A critique. American Journal of Sociology, 19, 510-530.

Terman, Lewis M. (1916). The uses of intelligence tests. From The measurement of intelligence (chapter 1). Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

  • Introduction to Terman (1916) by Henry L. Minton.
  • Commentary on Binet (1905/1916) and Terman (1916) by Henry L. Minton.

Fullerton, Hugh S. (1921). Why Babe Ruth is greatest home-run hitter. Popular Science Monthly, 99 (4), 19-21, 110.

Terman, Lewis M. (1930). Autobiography of Lewis M. Terman. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 2, pp. 297-331). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

Thurstone, L. L. (1934). The vectors of mind. Psychological Review, 41, 1-32.

Neuropsychology

Broca, Paul (1861a). Perte de la parole, ramollissement chronique et destruction partielle du lobe antérieur gauche du cerveau Bulletin de la Société Anthropologique, 2, 235-238.

Broca, Paul (1861b). Remarques sur le siége de la faculté du langage articulé, suivies d'une observations d'aphémie (perte de la parole) Bulletin de la Société Anatomique, 6, 330-357.

Franz, Shepherd Ivory. (1912). New phrenology. Science, N.S. 35 (No. 896), 321-328.

Lashley, Karl S. (1930). Basic neural mechanisms in behavior. Psychological Review, 37, 1-24.

Hebb, Donald O. (1955). Drives and the C.N.S. (conceptual nervous system). Psychological Review, 62, 243-254.

Perception

Fechner, Gustav Theodor (1860). Elements of psychophysics, Sections VII ("Measurement of sensation") and XVI ("The fundamental formula and the measurement formula") (Trans. by Herbert S. Langfeld, first appearing in B. Rand (Ed.) (1912), The classical psychologists).

Peirce, Charles Sanders & Jastrow, Joseph (1884). Small differences in sensation. Memoirs of the National Academy of Sciences, 3, 73-83. [Peirce's probabilistic critique of Fechner's concept of the discrimination threshold. Possibly the first published American experimental psychological study.]

De Varigny, M. Henry. (1894). Le laboratoire de psychologie expérimentale de l'Université de Madison. Revue Scientifique, vol. 1, tome 1, 624-629.

Koffka, Kurt (1922). Perception: An introduction to the Gestalt-theorie. Psychological Bulletin, 19, 531-585.

Stumpf, Carl. (1930). Autobiography of Carl Stumpf. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 1, pp. 389-441). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press. [The great German psychologist's summary of his life's work.]

Wertheimer, Max. (1938). Laws of organization in perceptual forms. In W. Ellis, W (Ed. & Trans.), A source book of Gestalt psychology (pp. 71-88). London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. (Original work published in 1923 as Untersuchungen zur Lehre von der Gestalt II, in Psycologische Forschung, 4, 301-350.)

Bruner, Jerome S. & Goodman, Cecile C. (1947). Value and need as organizing factors in perception. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 42, 33-44.

Bruner, Jerome S. & Postman, Leo. (1949). On the perception of incongruity: A paradigm. Journal of Personality, 18, 206-223.

Personality

Calkins, Mary Whiton (1908a). Psychology as science of self. I: Is the self body Or has it body?. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods, 1, 12-20.

Calkins, Mary Whiton (1908b). Psychology as science of self. II: The nature of the self. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods, 3, 64-68.

Calkins, Mary Whiton (1908c). Psychology as science of self. III: The Description of Consciousness. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods, 5, 113-122.

Calkins, Mary Whiton. (1915). The self in scientific psychology. American Journal of Psychology, 26, 495-524.

Allport, Floyd H. & Allport, Gordon W. (1921). Personality traits: Their classificiation and measurement. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 16, 6-40.

Allport, Gordon W. (1927). Concepts of trait and personality. Psychological Bulletin, 24, 284-293.

Calkins, Mary Whiton. (1930). Autobiography of Mary Whiton Calkins. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 1, pp. 31-62). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

Allport, Gordon W. (1937). The functional autonomy of motives. American Journal of Psychology, 50, 141-156.

Clark, Kenneth B. & Clark, Mamie K. (1939). The development of consciousness of self and the emergence of racial identification in negro preschool children. Journal of Social Psychology, S.P.S.S.I. Bulletin, 10, 591-599.

Clark, Kenneth B. & Clark, Mamie K. (1940). Skin color as a factor in racial identification of negro preschool children. Journal of Social Psychology, S.P.S.S.I. Bulletin, 11, 159-169.

Maslow, Abraham H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50, 370-396.

Rogers, Carl R.. (1946). Significant aspects of client-centered therapy. American Psychologist, 1, 415-422.

Rogers, Carl R. (1947). Some observations on the organization of personality. American Psychologist, 2, 358-368.

Harlow, Harry F. (1958). The nature of love. American Psychologist, 13, 573-685.

Psychoanalysis & Psychotherapy

Poe, Edgar Allan, (1850). Mesmeric revelation.

Freud, Sigmund. (1900). The interpretation of dreams (3rd ed.). (A. A. Brill, Trans.).

Freud, Sigmund (1901). The psychopathology of everyday life. (A. A. Brill, Trans.).

Witmer, Lightner. (1907). Clinical psychology. Psychological Clinic, 1, 1-9.

Freud, Sigmund. (1910). The origin and development of psychoanalysis. American Journal of Psychology, 21, 181-218.

Jung, Carl G. (1910). The association method. American Journal of Psychology, 31, 219-269.

Freud, Sigmund. (1914/1917). The history of the psychoanalytic movement (A. A. Brill, Trans.).

Rivers, William H.R. (1920). Instinct and the unconscious: A contribution to a biological theory of the psycho-neuroses.

Jung, Carl G. (1921/1923). General description of the types. Chapter 10 of Psychological types (H.G. Bayes, Trans.). (Original work published 1921)

Janet, Pierre. (1930). Autobiography of Pierre Janet. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 1, pp. 123-133). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press. [The great French psychiatrist's own summary of his life's work.]

Jastrow, Joseph. (1935). Has psychology failed? American Scholar, 4, 261-269.

Rogers, Carl R.. (1946). Significant aspects of client-centered therapy. American Psychologist, 1, 415-422.

American Psychological Association. (1947). Recommended graduate training program in clinical psychology. American Psychologist, 2, 539-558.

Rogers, Carl R.. (1947). Some observations on the organization of personality. American Psychologist, 2, 358-368.

Eysenck, Hans J. (1957). The effects of psychotherapy: An evaluation. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 16, 319-324.

Szasz, Thomas S. (1960). The myth of mental illness. American Psychologist, 15, 113-118.

Social Psychology

Triplett, Norman. (1898). The dynamogenic factors in pacemaking and competition. American Journal of Psychology, 9, 507-533.

Münsterberg, Hugo. (1908/1925). On the witness stand.

Mead, George H. (1913). The social self. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology, and Scientific Methods, 10, 374- 380.

Münsterberg, Hugo. (1913). Psychology and industrial efficiency.

Hollingworth, Leta S. (1914). Variability as related to sex differences in achievement: A critique. American Journal of Sociology, 19, 510-530.

Hollingworth, Leta S. (1916). Social devices for impelling women to bear and rear children. American Journal of Sociology, 22, 19-29.

Clark, Kenneth B. & Clark, Mamie K. (1939). The development of consciousness of self and the emergence of racial identification in negro preschool children. Journal of Social Psychology, S.P.S.S.I. Bulletin, 10, 591-599.

Clark, Kenneth B. & Clark, Mamie K. (1940). Skin color as a factor in racial identifcation of negro preschool children. Journal of Social Psychology, S.P.S.S.I. Bulletin, 11, 159-169.

Miller, N., Sears, R.R., Rosenzweig, S., Bateson, G., Levy, D.M., Hartmann, G.W., & Maslow, A.H. (1941). Symposium on the frustration-aggression hypothesis. Psychological Review, 48, 337-366.

Heider, Fritz. (1946). Attitudes and cognitive organization. Journal of Psychology, 21, 107-112.

Bruner, Jerome S. & Goodman, Cecile C. (1947). Value and need as organizing factors in perception. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 42, 33-44.

Sherif, Muzafer, Harvey, O. J., White, B. Jack, Hood, William R., & Sherif, Carolyn W. (1954/1961). Intergroup conflict and cooperation: The Robbers Cave experiment.

Harlow, Harry F. (1958). The nature of love. American Psychologist, 13, 573-685.

Festinger, Leon & Carlsmith, James M. (1959). Cognitive consequences of forced compliance. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 58, 203-210.

Bandura, Albert, Ross, Dorothea, & Ross, Sheila A. (1961). Transmisssion of aggressions through imitation of aggressive models. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 63, 575-582.

Statistics & Methodology

Fisher, Ronald A. (1925). Statistical methods for research workers.

Thurstone, L. L. (1934). The vectors of mind. Psychological Review, 41, 1-32.

Allport, Gordon W. (1940). The psychologist's frame of reference. Psychological Bulletin, 37, 1-28. [Allport's APA Presidential Address.]

MacCorquodale, Kenneth & Meehl, Paul E. (1948). On a distinction between hypothetical constructs and intervening variables. Psychological Review, 55, 95-107.

Cronbach, Lee J. & Meehl, Paul E. (1955). Construct validity in psychological tests. Psychological Bulletin, 52, 281-302.

Cronbach, Lee J. (1957). The two disciplines of scientific psychology. American Psychologist, 12, 671-684.

Rozeboom, William W. (1960). The fallacy of the null-hypothesis significance test. Psychological Bulletin, 57, 416-428.

University of Toronto

Baldwin, James Mark. (1891). To the Editor. American Journal of Psychology, 3, 593.

Baldwin, James Mark (1892). The psychological laboratory in the University of Toronto. Science, 19 (no. 475), 143-144.

Hume, James Gibson. (1892). Physiological psychology. Minutes of the Twenty-First Annual Convention of the Ontario Teachers' Association, pp. 86-106.

Hume, James Gibson. (1895). Psychology in the University of Toronto. Psychological Review, 2, 172. [Abstract of paper presented at the 1894 meeting of the American Psychological Association.]

Hume, James Gibson. (1897). The practical value of psychology to the teacher. Toronto: George N. Morang. (Originally delivered before the Ontario Teachers' Association, Toronto, 1897.)

Hume, James Gibson. (1898). Contributions of psychology to morality and religion. Psychological Review, 5, 162-163. [Abstract of paper presented at the 1897 meeting of the American Psychological Association.]

Abbott, Albert H. (1900). Experimental psychology and the laboratory in Toronto. University of Toronto Monthly, 1, 85-98, 106-112.

Hume, James Gibson. (1909). The proper affiliation of psychology: With philosophy or the natural sciences. Psychological Bulletin, 6, 65-67. [Abstract of paper presented at the 1908 meeting of the Southern Society for Philosophy and Psychology.]

Hume, James Gibson. (1909). The import of pragmatism for the hsitory of philosophy. Philosophical Review, 18, 176-177. [Abstract of paper presented at the 1908 meeting of the American Philosophical Association.]

Hume, James Gibson. (1910). The significance of suicide. Philosophical Review, 19, 179-180. [Abstract of paper presented at the 1910 meeting of the American Philosophical Association.]

Young, George Paxton. (1911). The ethics of freedom: Notes selected, translated, and arranged by his pupil James Gibson Hume. Toronto: University Press.

Hume, James Gibson. (1916). Scientific truth and the scientific spirit. University of Toronto Monthly, 16, 443-445.

Brett, George S. (1922). Psychology in the university. Univeristy of Toronto Monthly, , 298-300.

Hume, James Gibson. (1922). Evolution and personality. In Philosophical essays presented to John Watson (pp. 298-330). Kingston, ON: Queen's University.

Brett, George S. (1929). Introduction to psychology. Toronto: Macmillan of Canada.

Baldwin, James Mark. (1930). Autobiography of James Mark Baldwin. In Murchison, Carl. (Ed.), History of Psychology in Autobiography (Vol. 1, pp. 1-30). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

Women & Psychology

Lovelace, Ada. (1843). Notes by the translator [to L.F. Menabrea's "Sketch of the analytical engine invented by Charles Babbage, Esq."]. Scientific Memoirs, 3, 666-731.

Jastrow, Joseph.. (1891). A study in mental statistics. New Review, 5, 559-568.

Nevers, Cordelia C. & Calkins, Mary W. (1895). Dr. Jastrow on community of ideas of men and women. Psychological Review, 2, 363-367.

Jastrow, Joseph. (1896). Community of ideas of men and women. Psychological Review, 3, 68-71.

Calkins, Mary Whiton. (1896a). Association: An essay analytic and experimental. Psychological Review Monographs Supplement, 1 (2).

Calkins, Mary Whiton. (1896b). Community of ideas of men and women. Psychological Review, 3, 426-430.

Thompson, Helen Bradford. (1903). The mental traits of sex.

Hall, G. Stanley. (1904). Adolescent girls and their education. From Adolescence: Its psychology and its relations to physiology, anthropology, sociology, sex, crime, religion, and education (Vol. 2, Chapter 17).

Ladd Franklin, Christine. (1904). Endowed professorships for women. Publications of the Association of Collegiate Alumnae, Series III, No. 9, pp. 53-61.

Gordon, Kate. (1905). Wherein should the education of a woman differ from that of a man. School Review, 13, 789-794.

Calkins, Mary Whiton. (1906). A reconciliation between structural and functional psychology. Psychological Review, 8, 61-81.

Calkins, Mary Whiton (1908a). Psychology as science of self. I: Is the self body Or has it body?. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods, 1, 12-20.

Calkins, Mary Whiton (1908b). Psychology as science of self. II: The nature of the self. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods, 3, 64-68.

Calkins, Mary Whiton (1908c). Psychology as science of self. III: The Description of Consciousness. Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods, 5, 113-122.

Ladd Franklin, Christine. (1908). Report of the committee on the endowment of fellowships. From "Proceedings" in the Publications of the Association of Collegiate Alumnae, Series III, No. 17, pp. 143-146. Woolley, Helen Thompson. (1910). A Review of the recent literature on the psychology of sex. Psychological Bulletin, 7, 335-342.

Hollingworth, Leta S. (1914a). Functional periodicity: An experimental study of the mental and motor abilities of women during menstruation.

Hollingworth, Leta S. (1914b). Variability as related to sex differences in achievement: A critique. American Journal of Sociology, 19, 510-530.

Calkins, Mary Whiton. (1915). The self in scientific psychology. American Journal of Psychology, 26, 495-524.

Hollingworth, Leta S. (1916). Social devices for impelling women to bear and rear children. American Journal of Sociology, 22, 19-29.

Hollingworth, Leta S. (1922). Differential action upon the sexes of forces which tend to segregate the feebleminded. Journal of Abnormal Psychology & Social Psychology, 17, 35-57.

Howes, Ethel Puffer. (1922). Accepting the universe. Atlantic Monthly, 129, 444-453.

Washburn, Margaret Floy. (1922). Introspection as an objective method. Psychological Review, 29, 89-112.

Jones, Mary Cover. (1924). A laboratory study of fear: The case of Peter. Pedagogical Seminary, 31, 308-315.

Calkins, Mary Whiton. (1930). Autobiography of Mary Whiton Calkins. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 1, pp. 31-62). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

Washburn, Margaret Floy. (1930). Autobiography of Margaret Floy Washburn. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of psychology in autobiography (Vol. 2, pp. 333-358). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

Boring, Edwin G. (1951). The woman problem. American Psychologist, 6, 679-682.

Wundt & Structuralism

Wundt, Wilhelm Max. (1874/1902/1904). Principles of physiological psychology (Edward Bradford Titchener, Trans.) (from the 5th German ed., published 1902; 1st German ed. published 1874.)[Classic text by the founder of the first psychological research laboratory.]

Cattell, James McKeen. (1888). The psychological laboratory at Leipsic. Mind, 13, 37-51.

Hill, A. B. & Watanabe, R. (1894). "Sensorial" and "muscular" reactions. American Journal of Psychology, 6, 242-246. [Supervised by E. B. Titchener, in support of L. Lange's findings.]

Titchener, Edward B. (1895a). Simple reactions. Mind, 4, 74-81.

Titchener, Edward B. (1895b). The type-theory of simple reaction. Mind, 4, 506-514.

Titchener, Edward B. (1896). The 'type-theory' of simple reaction. Mind, 5, 236-241.

Wundt, Wilhelm Max. (1896/1897). Outlines of psychology (Charles Hubbard Judd, Trans.).

Caldwell, W. (1898). Professor Titchener's view of the self. Psychological Review, 5, 401-408.

Titchener, Edward B. (1898a). The postulates of a structural psychology. Philosophical Review, 7, 449-465.

Caldwell, W. (1899). The postulates of a structural psychology. Psychological Review, 6, 187-191.

Titchener, Edward B. (1899). Structural and functional psychology. Philosophical Review, 8, 290-299.

Calkins, Mary Whiton. (1906). A reconciliation between structural and functional psychology. Psychological Review, 8, 61-81.

Dunlap, Knight. (1912). The case against introspection. Psychological Review, 19, 404-413.

Titchener, Edward B. (1912). The schema of introspection. American Journal of Psychology, 23, 485-508.

Titchener, Edward B. (1914). On "Psychology as the behaviorist views it". Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society, 53, 1-17.

Titchener, E. B. (1921). Brentano and Wundt: Empirical and experimental psychology. American Journal of Psychology, 32, 108-120.

Washburn, Margaret Floy. (1922). Introspection as an objective method. Psychological Review, 29, 89-112.

Marbe, Karl. (1930). Autobiography of Karl Marbe. In C. Murchison (Ed.), History of Psychology in Autobiography (Vol. 1, pp. 181-213). Worcester, MA: Clark University Press.

[1] This name is spelled "McDougall" in every other one of his publications that I (CDG) can find, but it is spelled "MacDougall" in the published version of this work.